Important Tips to Help Control Your High Blood Pressure

Hypertension or high blood pressure is defined as above normal levels of blood pressure, usually greater than 140/90mmHg for people under age 60, and greater than 150/90mmHg for people over 60 years old. It is considered as a silent disease because many people have it but are not aware of it until obvious signs and symptoms appear. Read more great facts on  human health, click here. 

The causes of hypertension are caused by genetic and environmental factors such as overweight or obesity, smoking, diabetes, kidney disease, too much salt consumption, stress, and pregnancy.

Hypertension can lead to heart attack, stroke or kidney disease. The main goal of hypertension management is to lower high blood pressure to protect the major organs from damage like the heart, kidneys and the brain. The best prevention for hypertension is to have a healthy lifestyle. If you have high blood pressure, you need to modify your lifestyle by stop smoking, eating a balanced diet and having regular exercise. Hypertension is a silent killer because it is usually asymptomatic (no direct symptoms), and it develops over time as a person ages partly because of accumulated fats over the years leading to atherosclerosis or formation of plaque deposits around blood vessels, restricting blood flow and increasing blood pressure. For more useful reference regarding car, have a peek here. 

When it comes to diagnosis, one sphygmomanometer test result of above normal range blood pressure is not an immediate indicative that you have hypertension because the diagnosis is made after three tests taken at least three separate days to be a confirmed and validated by your doctor as the right diagnosis. Hypertension may cause complications such as heart failure because the heart becomes tired pumping blood with high pressure, aneurysm or bulging of an arterial wall, heart attack because of narrowing of blood vessels and vision problems because of eye blood vessel rupture.

Your doctor can prescribe anti-hypertensive drugs such as beta blockers, calcium-channel blockers, and ACE inhibitors. Avoid self-medication, always consult your medical doctor for a proper antihypertensive prescription and religiously follow it. Antihypertensive medications are often lifetime maintenance and not a cure. You also need to restrict your salt intake as salt attracts water causing a higher volume of blood to be pumped by the heart leading to high blood pressure. Consume fruits and vegetables and avoid too much fat or oily food that may also lead to high cholesterol levels complicating hypertension. Regular aerobic exercise is also highly recommended for at least thirty minutes a day. Take a look at this link for more information.